Root causes of discrimination

Published: 07th March 2011
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Discrimination is defined as showing differences in preference to or not in favor of people, classes or groups, or on the basis of one’s ethnicity, religion or race. It is the treatment of a particular person based on bias, instead of on their personal merits. Discrimination involves excluding, proscribing, rejecting or prohibiting an individual from a group from getting access to particular opportunities or options offered and available to others. The term "discrimination" developed as a result of its usage during the American Civil War as a phrase pertaining to hatred of individuals established exclusively on their African American ethnicity. The term is shortly thereafer widened to encompass belonging to a specific, perceived unworthy group or set of people.

Discrimination has played a dishonorable role in the extended record of human civilization. Successful groups throughout history have carried out forms of discrimination in one way or another and to varying degrees. It should also be known that ruling communities as a trend have a larger predisposition to discriminate against other people. The level of advancement and the breadth and complexity of larger communities enabled them to create ways of socializing in a manner adequate to sustain their own social order. However, even with such great achievements, populations often remained insular surrounded by their particular culture and had limited contact with other populations. One group of people might look at theirs with self-importance and look at another as "lesser" or not possessing notable worthy achievements. And thus gives rise the tendency to discriminate against societies who are foreign. For instance, the nation of spain discriminated against people of Jewish faith, and the United States also discriminated against its African-American and local Native American Indian populations. Discrimination in the workplace has also been rampant in the past.

There are no obvious established hypotheses of the original source of discrimination. There may possibly be many likely explanations, however, generally scholars go along with the idea that discrimination is not a common individual feeling; nobody is born with it. There exists data indicating that the feeling is brought about by social structure and learned behavior. Just to illustrate, if discrimination was a born trait of humans, then marrying outside of one's group and integration among differing groups would not be possible. Observation also demonstrates that little kids don't exhibit prejudice or discrimination. Though there isn't general understanding as to the trigger of discrimination and prejudice, there is concurrence that together they consitute a behavior resulting from observation. The formation of a kid's beliefs all begins with the teachers, family, parents and early social friends. Sports organizations and the press further contribute to discriminatory attitudes which can later give it social authority. Therefore when people speak of eliminating hatred, people must bear in mind that prejudice is learned and accordingly needs to be untaught. The best plan is to make certain that the spirit of justice and righteousness are omnipresent through teaching and legislation.

Luckily, the current human race on the whole is at the present less tolerant of discrimination than it once was. For the most part countries presently have enacted legislation prohibiting discrimination in various forms, if not altogether, in many parts of culture. Discrimination in the office in the U.S. is illegal according to legislation. The value of individual liberties, educated immigration procedures and directives for quota hiring are part of the basis of legal approaches to decrease the impact of prejudice and discrimination. Yet, the final place the world must locate a way to end discrimination lies in the private arena, and eventually in each human person.

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